Immune Regulation, Autoimmune Disease and Infection
We aim to discover how genetically determined variation in immune regulation balances the risks of autoimmune disease and infection. Regulation of the B cell immune response is a major interest. We have investigated the function of inhibitory receptors such as FcyRIIb, which act as “brakes” on the immune system. We have shown that even subtle changes in expression of FcyRIIb on B cells can prevent or induce SLE in mice. Natural polymorphisms in FcyRIIb are associated with immune dysregulation (see Figure) and autoimmune diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in both mouse and man. Some reduce function and are common in Asia and Africa, where malaria is endemic. [Read More...]
McKinney, E. F., Lyons, P. A., Carr, E. J., Hollis, J. L., Jayne, D. R., Willcocks, L. C., Koukoulaki, M., Brazma, A., Jovanovic, V., Kemeny, D. M. et al. (2010). A CD8+ T cell transcription signature predicts prognosis in autoimmune disease. Nat Med 16, 586-591.
Lee, J. C., Lyons, P. A., McKinney, E. F., Sowerby, J. M., Carr, E. J., Bredin, F., Rickman, H. M., Ratlamwala, H., Hatton, A., Rayner, T. F., Parkes, M., Smith, K. G. C. (2011). Gene expression profiling of CD8+ T cells predicts prognosis in patients with Crohn disease and ulcerative colitis. J Clin Invest 121, 4170-4179.
Linterman, M. A., Pierson, W., Lee, S. K., Kallies, A., Kawamoto, S., Rayner, T. F., Srivastava, M., Divekar, D. P., Beaton, L., Hogan, J. J. et al. (2011). Foxp3(+) follicular regulatory T cells control the germinal center response. Nat Med 17, 975-982.